Global value chains in a changing world is a 2013 report by the World Trade Organization.
Global value changes (GVC) are a major driving force of globalisation. They are inevitable outgrowth of the application of transformative information and transport technologies, combined with new business models and largely open borders.
The GVC phenomenon promotes integration on multiple levels.Today’s international production systems confound traditional ways of looking at investment, production, finance, information systems and technology. These can no longer be seen as separate, meriting distinct attention and discrete policy treatment. The international fragmentation of production has generated the opposite of fragmentation – a complex networked system of production and consumption with innumerable moving, interactive parts.
(Source: World Trade Organization)
Latest edition of Canadian Geographic (April 2014) takes a look at commuting patterns in 3 major Canadian cities: Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
Commuting between work and home, whether it be driving, biking, walking, or using local transit, is a reality for 15.4 million Canadians.
(Source: Canadian Geographic, April 2014)
Transforming cities with transit, a report by the World Bank, explores the complex process of transit and land-use integration in rapidly growing cities in developing countries.
As one of the most promising strategies for advancing environmental sustainability, economic competitiveness and socially inclusive development in fast-growing cities, transit and land-use integration is is increasingly being embraced by policy-makers at all levels of government.
This book focuses on identifying barriers to and opportunities for effective coordination of transport infrastructure and urban development.
This title is also available in electronic format.
(Source: World Bank)