The gap between public and private wages: new evidence for the EU is a 2013 report published by the European Commission.
This paper aims to assess the size of the wage hap between the public and private sectors within European Union by using the European Structure of Earnings Survey, compiled by Eurostat for the years 2006 and 2010. Public sector employees are found to enjoy on average higher wages than comparable workers in the private sector in 2010, even after controlling for the level of educational attainment.
Regarding gender, there is no evidence of a higher positive wage gap for women.
Labour market developments in Europe 2013 is a report published by the European Union.
After 4 years of deteriorating labour market outcomes, the first signs of stabilization in EU unemployment are becoming manifest against the background of GDP growth turning positive, improving sentiment, and recent reforms.
Women, men and working conditions in Europe: a report based on the fifth European working conditions survey is a 2013 report, published by the European Union.
Despite much legislative progress in gender equality over the past 40 years, there are still gender gaps across many aspects of the labour market. Inequalities are still evident in areas such as access to the labour market, employment patterns and associated working conditions.
This report explores gender differences across several dimensions of working conditions, examining relevant country differences, analyzing the different occupational groups of both men and women, and comparing the public and private sectors.
It also looks at the impact of the crisis on gender segregation in employment.