Cities of tomorrow: challenges, visions and ways forward is a 2011 report by the European Union.
Europe is one of the most urbanized continents in the world today. More than 2/3 of Europe's population live in urban areas and the number of urban dwellers will continue to grow.
This report raises awareness of the possible future impacts of a range of trends, such as demographic decline and social polarization, and the vulnerability of different types of cities. It also highlights opportunities and the key role cities can play in achieving EU objectives - especially in the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy.
(Source: The European Union Bookshop)
Eurasian Union: the real, the imaginary and the likely is a 2014 report, published by the European Union's Institute for Security Studies.
The recent history of attempts to reintegrate the post-Soviet space is littered with failed political and economic initiatives. The real Eurasian Economic Union is an international organization like many others. It has a legal identity, a secretariat and is staffed by bureaucrats who would not look out of place in the European Commission building in Brussels or the WTO Secretariat in Geneva. Its member states exchange trade concessions among themselves and rely on the institution as an external enforcer of rules.
There is another Eurasian Union, one fuelled by geopolitical aspirations. President Putin launched this phase of Eurasian integration, the key foreign policy objective of his third presidential term in the Kremlin, in an article in Izvestia in October 2011. His vision was for the Eurasian Union, not just to foster a new round of post-Soviet reintegration; he also wanted to turn the Eurasian Union into one of the "building blocks" - on par with the EU, NAFTA, APEC and ASEAN - of 'global development'.
(Source: European Union)
The right to trade: rethinking the aid for trade agenda is a 2013 report, published by the Commonwealth Secretariat.
Aid for trade is a fixture in the development landscape, accounting for approximately 25 per cent of total ODA, and is being positioned as a building block in the future development agenda beyond the 2015 expiry of the Millennium Development Goals.
In the Right to Trade, Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph E. Stiglitz and Andrew Charlton argue that aid for trade has not delivered on its initial promise. To create a genuinely pro-development trade liberalization agenda, the authors propose that a "right to trade" and a "right to development" be enshrined within the World Trade Organization's (WTO) dispute settlement system; and that aid for trade funds be consolidated into a coherent and predictable framework, where dedicated funds are committed by rich countries to a Global Trade Facility and dispersed through a transparent and competitive process.
Together, these proposals would help ensure that international trade works for developing countries and will help preserve a development-friendly multilateral trading system.
(Source: Commonwealth Secretariat)